People with Type 2 diabetes produce insulin, but it's either not enough or the body can't use the insulin like it should. This is called insulin resistance. When there is not enough insulin or the insulin is not used as it should be, sugar can't get into the body's cells. It builds up in the blood supply instead, resulting in high blood sugar readings. Type 2 diabetes usually occurs gradually.
If you have certain risk factors, it means you are more likely to have or develop diabetes.
It is also important to remember that some people who have diabetes have no symptoms. Talk to your doctor if you have any symptoms or if you feel you are at risk.
If you are experiencing urgent symptoms that you believe may immediately affect your health or well-being, seek emergency help right away by dailing 911.
Type 2 diabetes is diagnosed with the following blood tests:
Test results showing that a person has diabetes should be confirmed with a second test on a different day. If results of testing are normal, testing should be repeated at least every 3 years. Doctors may recommend more frequent testing based on initial results and risk status.
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