Three types of diabetes

There are three types of diabetes:

Type 1 - Formerly called juvenile diabetes, Type 1 can be diagnosed in children, teenagers and young adults. With Type 1, the pancreas no longer makes insulin because the body's immune system has attacked and destroyed the pancreatic cells specialized to make insulin.

Type 2 - Formerly called adult-onset diabetes or non-insulin dependent diabetes, Type 2 is the most common form of the disease. People with Type 2 diabetes produce insulin, but it's either not enough or the body can't use the insulin like it should. This is called insulin resistance. When there is not enough insulin or the insulin is not used as it should be, sugar can't get into the body's cells. It builds up in the blood supply instead, giving the person with Type 2 high blood sugar readings. Type 2 diabetes usually occurs gradually. Most people with the disease are overweight at the time of diagnosis. However, Type 2 diabetes can also develop in those who are thin, especially the elderly. Family history and genetics play a large role in Type 2 diabetes. Low activity level, poor diet, and excess body weight (especially around the waist) significantly increase your risk for Type 2 diabetes. The good news is, Type 2 diabetes can often be managed, and even prevented, by living a healthy lifestyle. We want to provide you with all the information you need to prevent the disease. If you have already been diagnosed, we have tips for managing the disease. Take a closer look at Type 2 diabetes.

Gestational diabetes - This form of diabetes occurs during pregnancy. Although it usually goes away after the baby is born, a woman who has gestational diabetes is more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes later in life.

What is prediabetes?
In prediabetes, blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes. However, many people with prediabetes develop Type 2 diabetes within 10 years. Experts disagree about the specific blood sugar level they should use to diagnose diabetes, and through the years, that number has changed. Individuals with prediabetes have an increased risk of heart disease and stroke. With modest weight loss and moderate physical activity, people with prediabetes can delay or prevent Type 2 diabetes.