Encephalocele Repair

What is encephalocele repair

Encephalocele is a rare birth defect in which the bones of the skull fail to close up completely. A baby with encephalocele is born with a protrusion from the back of his or her skull, the result of the baby’s neural tube failing to close in the womb.

The neural tube usually folds and closes during the third and fourth weeks of pregnancy, leading to the formation of the brain and spinal cord. When the tube fails to close, the brain and its surrounding membranes protrude through the opening, creating a sac­like projection from the back of your baby’s skull or from the area between your baby’s forehead and nose. Encephaloceles are usually found immediately after birth, but small ones between the nose and forehead sometimes go undetected.

The most common treatment for encephalocele is surgery to place the protruding brain, tissues and fluid back inside skull and close the opening. Typically, surgery doesn’t occur immediately after birth — it can be delayed anywhere from a few days to a few months. Surgery is more urgent if any of these symptoms appear:

  • No skin covering the encephalocele
  • Bleeding
  • Obstructed airway
  • Vision impairment

Technologies for Encephalocele Repair

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What to Expect for Encephalocele Repair

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Side Effects and Risk Factors for Encephalocele Repair

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Education and Resources for Encephalocele Repair

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Learn More about Encephalocele Repair

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