Speech and Language Assessment

A speech and language assessment measures a person’s communication skills and is often done if a problem is suspected. Problems with speech and language can be a result of:

  • Developmental or intellectual disabilities (especially in children)
  • Psychological disorders
  • Hearing loss or other physical condition
  • Neurological condition such as traumatic brain injury or stroke
  • Swallowing disorders

The evaluation is usually done by a speech-language pathologist or speech therapist. The results of the assessment will determine the exact diagnosis and specific plan for any treatment that is needed.

A speech and language assessment may include a time of observation and conversation with the patient, especially with children. A variety of standardized tests can also be used to test basic communication and motor skills. The therapist will also take a medical history to get a full understanding of the patient’s background, including any illnesses, injuries or previous treatment.

Areas that are evaluated during the assessment may include:

  • Articulation
  • Voice
  • Language
  • Functional communication
  • Cognition
  • Hearing
  • Swallowing