What is vertigo?

Vertigo is a dizzy or spinning sensation that you feel even when you are perfectly still. It can last for a few moments, hours or even days.

Causes of vertigo

Vertigo is usually caused by an inner ear problem. Common issues include:

  • Inflammation due to illness – usually viral. This is called vestibular neuritis or labyrinthitis.
  • Calcium particles build-up in the inner ear canal. This causes BPPV – benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. The signals sent to your brain about head and body movements are altered when this happens.
  • Build-up of fluid and changing pressure in the ear. This is called Meniere’s disease. It causes vertigo, ringing in the ears (tinnitus) and hearing loss.

Others causes of vertigo, although less common, are:

  • Head and neck injuries
  • Brain and spinal cord issues, like stroke or tumors
  • Migraine headaches

Symptoms of vertigo

  • Consist feeling of spinning
  • Tilting of your head
  • Swaying
  • Balance issues
  • Nausea
  • Abnormal eye movement
  • Headache
  • Ringing in the ears


Sometimes, vertigo goes away without any treatment. If treatment is needed, there are many options:

  • Medication
  • Vestibular rehab and therapy
  • Surgery
  • Canalith repositioning procedure – specific head movements to reposition the calcium particles in the inner ear


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Symptoms and Screenings for Vertigo

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Causes and Preventions for Vertigo

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Education and Resources for Vertigo

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Support groups for Vertigo

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Learn More about Vertigo

Vidant Health can connect you to health care professionals to help you understand your condition and guide you through the treatment process. Let’s chat.

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