Hypertensive Nephropathy

What is hypertensive nephropathy?

Hypertensive nephropathy is a kidney disease caused by damage from high blood pressure.

Causes of hypertensive nephropathy

High blood pressure can damage blood vessels in the kidneys. If the blood vessels in your kidneys are damaged, they may stop removing wastes and extra fluid from your body. This extra fluid can raise your blood pressure even more, creating an unhealthy cycle. That cycle can lead to hypertensive nephropathy.

Symptoms of hypertensive nephropathy

Hypertensive nephropathy can be difficult to identify because high blood pressure and the early stages of kidney disease can occur without symptoms. Occasionally, high blood pressure can cause headaches. As kidney function decreases, you could experience appetite loss, nausea, fatigue, sleep issues, muscle cramps, or chest pain. Health care providers use urine and blood tests to diagnose kidney disease.


Medications that lower blood pressure can also significantly slow the progression of kidney disease. Your health care provider may also prescribe a diuretic — a medication that helps the kidneys remove fluid from the blood.

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Treatments for Hypertensive Nephropathy

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Symptoms and Screenings for Hypertensive Nephropathy

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Causes and Preventions for Hypertensive Nephropathy

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Education and Resources for Hypertensive Nephropathy

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Support groups for Hypertensive Nephropathy

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